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RANUNCULACEAE

Aconitum napellus L.
IR: - , EN: Monk's-hood
ITB
CC
SR 6, 12, 21, 30, 36, 38-40.
6: Kilnamack 1997, near ruin (P. Green and I. Green). Ballyphilip East by River Blackwater 2000, several clumps on soil heap (P. Green).
12: Garrycullen 1988, one plant away from houses (P. Green and I. Green).
21: * Howth 1868, "not far from a garden" (DBN).
30: Near Shannon Pot 1994, established on track (Reilly 2001).
36: Cabragh and near Ballygawley 1993; Mullaghslin 1998 (I. McNeill).
39: Near Lough Neagh, occurring mainly as isolated plants (Harron 1986).
38-40: Occasional on rubbish tips, derived from garden stock (as A. napellus agg. in FNE 1992).
DBN

Adonis annua L. (A. autumnalis)
IR: - , EN: Pheasant's-eye
ITB
CC
SR 5, 8, 20, 21
In 19th C, Little Island in 5; on broken ground between Enniskerry and Bray in 20; and among crops in 21 (Cyb 1866).
8: Foynes 1909, in a carrot bed (DBN).
DBN

Anemone apennina L.
IR: Anamóine ghorm , EN: Blue Anemone
ITB
CC 4, 5, 21
4-5 (INJ, 18:238)
21 (FD).
SR 4, 5, 21
Glasnevin, Co. Dublin, before the establishment of the Botanic Gardens (in 1795), no doubt planted or escaped from cultivation, and where it persisted (Cyb 1866); 19th C records from Cork (Allin 1883), Straffan, Co. Kildare and Knockdrin, Co. Westmeath (DBN) as well as Dublin (Cyb 1898, DBN).
4: Jennings woods behind Cork greyhound track 1973 (O'Mahony 1975). Woodland beneath Kilnap railway viaduct on Old Mallow Road 1996 (O'Mahony 1997).
5: Cregg Castle woods, Fermoy 1972 (O'Mahony 1975).
21: Mount Merrion woods 1976 (DBN). Howth demesne, St Anne's Park, University College at Belfield etc. (FDub 1998). Marlay Park 1993, blue- and white-flowered plants (SR).
DBN
Anemone nemorosa L.
IR: Lus na gaoithe , EN: Wood Anemone
ITB 1-21, 23-40
CC 1-6, (7), 8-9 (10-11), 12-21, (22), 23-40
SR
DBN
Anemone ranunculoides L.
IR: - , EN: Yellow Anemone
ITB
CC
SR 40: Beside Castle River near Baltedagh Rectory 1975-78; Umbra Nature Reserve 1986, in scrub (FNE 1992).
DBN
Anemone x hybrida Paxton (A. hupehensis × A. vitifolia)
IR: - , EN: Japanese Anemone
ITB
CC
SR 21: Ballyogan tiphead 1994, garden throwout (SR).
DBN

Aquilegia vulgaris L.
IR: Colaimbín , EN: Columbine
ITB 1-12, 14-23, 25-26, 31, 33-34, 37-40
CC 1-12, 14-23, 25-26, 31, 33-34, 36-40
probably native in: 8-10, 14-15, 17-19, 23
SR
DBN 30: Dump at Ashfield near Coothill, 1999, Hill, McNeill & Weir, probably of garden origin.

Caltha palustris L.
IR: Lus buí Bealtaine , EN: Marsh-marigold
ITB 1-40
CC 1-40
SR
DBN

Clematis montana Buch.-Ham. ex DC.
IR: - , EN: Himalayan Clematis
ITB
CC
SR 7: Atlas 1990.
DBN
Clematis vitalba L.
IR: Gabhrán , EN: Traveller's-joy
ITB 1, 2, 4, 5, 8-10, 12, 14, 18, 20-22, 26, 31, 37
CC 1-28, 31, 36-39
3 (INJ, 10:236)
6,11,13,17,19,24-25 (Atlas)
9,15-16 (INJ, 20:467)
36 (INJ, 6:170)
38 (INJ, 9:24)
39 (FNE).
SR Woods, hedges and sand hills, rare (Cyb 1866).
30: Belturbet area, post-1950; Bellamont, Cootehill 1999 (Reilly 2001).
40: The Umbra 1982 (FNE 1992).
DBN
Clematis viticella
IR: - , EN: -
ITB
CC
SR
DBN 23: Atlas 2000

Consolida ajacis (L.) Schur
IR: - , EN: Larkspur
ITB
CC
SR 6, 21.
6: Logloss, W side of Waterford City 2000, two plants on waste ground (Green 2001b).
21: * Portmarnock 1869, single plant in sandy arable ground (More 1872, Cyb 1898). [An earlier record from Dundrum of Delphinium consolida growing with Adonis annua is probably referable to this species (Cyb 1866).] Howth (Hart 1887). Alexandra Road, Dublin Port 1934 (Reynolds & Nash 2001). Ringsend Dump (Curtis & Wyse Jackson 1979). Dublin City 1984-85, 1993-94, scattered sites on disturbed ground (Reynolds 1994c, 1996b, DBN).
DBN

Helleborus foetidus L.
IR: - , EN: Stinking Hellebore
ITB
CC
SR [8], 13, 21-24, 36, 37.
[8 Record in Cyb 1866 an error (Cyb 1898).]
13: Slyguff 1955, well established (Wallace 1956).
21: * Cheeverstown 1884, 1886; Bohernabreena 1887 (DBN).
22: S of Julianstown 1911, well established along a hedge and looking "quite wild" (O'Callaghan 1911).
23: Near Wilson's Hospital school, SW of Multyfarnham c.1970, on bank where it "appears to be growing quite wild" (Johnston 1970).
24: Saint's Island 1994, well established above stony foreshore (Nash & Howard 1995).
36: Cookstown 1931 (BEL).
37: W of Maydown Bridge, Benburb 1983, one plant in disused quarry (BEL).
DBN
Helleborus orientalis Lam.
IR: - , EN: Lenten-rose
ITB
CC
SR 6: Ardmore 1997, relic of cultivation; still there 2001 (P. Green and I. Green).
DBN
Helleborus viridis L.
IR: - , EN: Green Hellebore
ITB
CC
SR 5, 6, 8, 14, 17, 21-23, 25, 27, 32, 33, 35-39.
19th C and early 20th C records for 5, 6, 21 (Cyb 1866), 8, 14, 17, 23, 25, 27, 37 (DBN), 35 (Hart 1898, DBN), 36 (BEL), 38 (FNE 1888) and 39 (FNE 1888, BEL).
22: Warrenstown near Dunboyne 1955, roadside (DBN). Charlesfort 1957, well established by woodland path (Wallace 1959a).
32: Near Corraskea, S of Clones 1984, hedgerow (TCD).
33: Lough Erne at Rossclare, Killydeas 1946, in scrub on shore where it had persisted for more than 10 years (Carrothers et al. 1947b, BEL).
37: Drumgar 1975, on site of house demolished 100 years before (Dawson 1983, BEL).
DBN

Nigella damascena L.
IR: - , EN: Love-in-a-mist
ITB
CC
SR 6, 21.
6: Portlaw 2001, single plant on waste ground (P. Green).
21: * Near St Anne's Park, Raheny 1988 (P. Grant).
DBN

Ranunculus acris L.
IR: Fearbán feír , EN: Meadow Buttercup
ITB 1-40
CC 1-40
SR
DBN
Ranunculus aquatilis L. (R. heterophyllus)
IR: Néal uisce coiteann , EN: Common Water-crowfoot
ITB 5-6, 9-10, 12, 14-16, 21-26, 33-35, 37-39
CC 1-40
1, 3, 7-8, 11, 19, 27-32 (Atlas)
13 (FC)
40 (FNE).
SR
DBN 30: Town Lake, Cootehill 1999, Ian McNeill. Castle Lake near Bailieborough, Lough Ramor and Mullagh Lake, 1984, P. Wyse Jackson (DNFC meeting)(F. C. Cavan)
Ranunculus arvensis L.
IR: - , EN: Corn Buttercup
EX
ITB
CC
SR 9, 21, 39
9: By Lough Bunny 1933, patch of about 100 plants (Praeger 1934c, DBN).
21:* 18th C to mid-19th C, apparently introduced with 'corn', e.g. Beldrummond (Baldrummond) 1804 (Cyb 1866, FDub 1904, DBN, TCD). Guinness Brewery 1944, introduced with foreign grain (Brunker 1944b, DBN).
39: Formerly .... near Larne (More 1872).
DBN
Ranunculus auricomus L.
IR: Gruaig Mhuire , EN: Goldilocks Buttercup
ITB 4-5, 7 11, 15, 17-23, 26-27 29-31, 33, 35, 37-40
CC 1-5, 7-15, 17-40
1 (Atlas)
3: Rochestown House, Rochestown. 21 Apr 1840. MJOK. W76.
9 (INJ. 20:467).
SR
DBN
Ranunculus baudotii Godron
IR: Néal uisce sáile , EN: Brackish Water-crowfoot
ITB 1-6, 9, 12, 16-17, 21, 31, 34-35, 37
CC 1-6, 8-9, 12, 16-17, 21-22, 27, 31, 34-35, 37
SR
DBN
Ranunculus bulbosus L.
IR: Tuile thalún , EN: Bulbous Buttercup
ITB 1-40
CC 1-40
SR
DBN
Ranunculus circinatus Sibth.
IR: Néal uisce righin , EN: Fan-leaved Water-crowfoot
ITB (4), 8-10, 13-14, 19, 21-25, 37-38
CC 4, (8-10), (13), 14, (15), 18-19, 21-22, (23-25), 28, 36-40
4 (Atlas)
36 (INJ, 18:89)
40 (Suppl.
SR
DBN
Ranunculus ficaria L.
IR: Grán arcáin , EN: Lesser celandine
ITB 1-40
CC
SR
DBN
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. bulbilifer Lambinon (R. ficaria subsp. bulbifer)
IR: Grán arcáin , EN: Lesser Celandine
ITB
CC 4, 9, 13-14, 16, 18, 20-23, 25, 27-29, 31, 36-40
4 (INJ, 18:240)
9,16 (FCE)
13 (FC)
14,18,20,22-23 (DBN)
18: Clara. 21 May 1984. J.G.D.Lamb. N23.
20: Altidore Estate, SW. of Delgany. 26 Apr 1968. MS. O20.
21 (FD)
22: Stameen, Drogheda. 23 Apr 1967. DS. O17.
23: Griffinstown, NW. of Kinnegad. 15 May 1982. MS. N54.
25 (fide D.L. Kelly)
27 (fide D. Synnott)
31 (INJ, 15:322)
36 (INJ, 18:89)
37 (INJ, 21:181)
38-40 (FNE-H).
SR 8 (Reynolds 1989a)
30 (Reilly 2001)
DBN 1: T. O'Mahony, Bull. Irish Biogeogr. Soc., 4 p.41-45
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficaria L.
IR: Grán arcáin , EN: Lesser Celandine
ITB
CC
SR
DBN
Ranunculus flammula L.
IR: Glasair léane bheag , EN: Lesser Spearwort
DD
ITB 1-40
CC 1-40
SR
DBN
Ranunculus flammula subsp. minimus L.
IR: Glasair léane bheag , EN: Lesser Spearwort
ITB
CC 2, 9
2: Kerry Head, W. of Listowel. 7 Jul 1978. MS. Q84.
9 (Watsonia, 4:22)
SR
DBN
Ranunculus flammula subsp. scoticus L. (R. scoticus, R. petiolaris)
IR: Glasair léane bheag , EN: Lesser Spearwort
ITB 27 (29?)
CC 1, 16-17, 20, 25-30, 33, 40
1 (PRIA. 52B. 5:60).
SR
DBN
Ranunculus fluitans Lam.
IR: Néal uisce abhann , EN: River Water-crowfoot
VU
ITB 39
CC 39
39: Six-mile river, from Dunadry to mouth.
SR
DBN
Ranunculus hederaceus L.
IR: Néal uisce eidhneach , EN: Ivy-leaved Crowfoot
ITB 1-40
CC 1-40
SR
DBN
Ranunculus lingua L.
IR: Glasair léana mhór , EN: Greater Spearwort
ITB 1, 4, 6-7, 9-12, 14-17, 19-26, 30-33 (34, (35) 37-40
CC 1, 4-12, 14-33, (34-35), 36-40
5 (IBS. 9:27)
18 (P '46)
27 INJ. 15:237)
28,36 (P '46)
29 (fide D.L. Kelly)
(34-35)
(F Don).
SR
DBN
Ranunculus muricatus L.
IR: - , EN: Rough-fruited Buttercup
ITB
CC
SR 39: Belfast 1893/94, near distillery/flour mill, introduced with foreign grain (Stewart & Praeger 1894-95).
DBN
Ranunculus omiophyllus Ten. (R. lenormandii)
IR: Néal uisce cruinn , EN: Round-leaved Crowfoot
ITB 1-7, 11-13, 20-21
CC 1-7, 11-14, 19-21
14 (Watsonia. 11:75).
SR
DBN 8: S.Reynolds, Irish Naturalists' J., 22 p.533-534
Ranunculus parviflorus L. in Loefl.
IR: Fearbhán beag , EN: Small-flowered Buttercup
ITB 4-5, 7, 11-12, 21
CC (4), 5, (7), 9, (11), 12, (20-21)
9 (FCB).
SR 9: Inishmaan, Aran Islands 1974; also on Inishmore and Inisheer in 1960s (Webb 1980).
12: E of Rosslare Harbour 1980, by cliff path (TCD). Ferns 1991, waste ground (DBN).
DBN
Ranunculus peltatus Schrank
IR: Néal uisce , EN: Pond Water-crowfoot
ITB 1-2, 4-5, 7, 10, 12-13, 20-24, 26-27, 32, 34, 36-40
CC 1-2, 4-10, 12-13, 15, 17, 19-27, 32, 34, 36-40
6 (INJ,20:349)
17 (INJ, 20:541)
25 (H & R)
SR
DBN
Ranunculus penicillatus (Dumort.) Bab.
IR: Néal uisce bréige , EN: Stream Water-crowfoot
ITB 17, 19-25, 28, 31-34, 36-37, 39-40
CC 1-40
SR
DBN
Ranunculus penicillatus subsp. penicillatus (Dumort.) Bab.
IR: Néal uisce bréige , EN: Stream Water-crowfoot
ITB
CC
SR
DBN
Ranunculus penicillatus subsp. pseudofluitans (Syme) S. Webster (R. pseudofluitans)
IR: - , EN: -
ITB
CC
SR
DBN 40: Atlas 2000
Ranunculus repens L.
IR: Fearbán (reatha) , EN: Creeping Buttercup
ITB 1-40
CC 1-40
SR
DBN
Ranunculus sardous Crantz
IR: - , EN: Hairy Buttercup
ITB
CC
SR 38: Belfast docks 1986 (FNE 1992, BEL).
DBN 6: West verge of N25, opposite entrance to reservoir, Kilmeaden, S 520099, 07/2000, Paul Green (DBN).
Ranunculus sceleratus L.
IR: Toircheas fiáin , EN: Celery-leaved Buttercup
ITB 1-6, 8-14, 16-25, 27-28, 31-32, 34-40
CC 1-40
30 (P '39).
SR
DBN 30: Annagh Lake, Ballyconnell, Jean Cole (INJ 7, 1938, 92). Belturbet on disturbed ground by the river, May, 2000. Near Trinity Island, L. Oughter, 1995.
Ranunculus trichophyllus Chaix in Villars (R. drouetii)
IR: Néal uisce ribeach , EN: Thread-leaved Water-crowfoot
ITB 1-7, 9-10, 12, 14-19, 21-28, 31-32, 35-40
CC 1-12, 14-32, 35-40
SR
DBN
Ranunculus tripartitus DC.
IR: Néal uisce na dtrí chluas , EN: Three-lobed Crowfoot
VU (protected) 1980, 1987
ITB 3: Baltimore 1896, and (var. intermedius) Adrigole 1894 - Phillips
The second British station for the type.
CC 1, 3
1: Sneem. 13 Jul 1965. Ms.V.Gordon. V66. (delete, see below)
3 near Baltimore, R.Phillips
SR
DBN Delete 1 specimen = R.omiophyllus (redet. M.Jebb, 2000)
3: R.Lansdowne and R.A.Jones, Beacon Point SW of Baltimore, 03/06/2000.

Thalictrum alpinum L.
IR: Rú léana Alpach , EN: Alpine Meadow-rue
ITB 1, 16, 27-28, 35
CC 1, 16, 27-28, 35, 38-39
38 (Suppl. FNE)
39 (INJ.9:319).
SR
DBN
Thalictrum flavum L.
IR: Rú léana , EN: Common Meadow-rue
ITB 7, 8, 10-16, 18-20, 22-25, 31-33, 36-37, 39-40
CC 7-15, 17-20, 22-25, 30-33, 36-40
30 (P '39)
38 (Suppl FNE).
SR
DBN 30: Marsh near a wood on the shore of Annagh Lough, east of Ballyconnell, 1993, PR (DBN).
A large patch, 200 yards upstream from Scrabby Bridge, Lough Gowna, 1939, Cole and Faris (RLP 1939).
Thalictrum minus L. (T. dunense, T. collinum)
IR: Rú léana beag , EN: Lesser Meadow-rue
ITB 1-3, 7, 9-10, 12, 15-17 20-21, 23-29, 33-35, 38-39
CC 1-3, 7, 9-10, 12, 15-17 20-22, 23-29, (31), 33-35, 38-40
22 (Gibney, 1939)
(31) (P '46).
SR
DBN

Trollius europaeus L.
IR: Leolach , EN: Globeflower
Conservation status: V; Protected, 1980, 1987 1999; Protected in Northern Ireland
Proposed status: EN
Not declining as fast as UK populations
ITB 33, 34-35
CC 29, 33, (34), 35
29 (INJ, 9:312)
SR
DBN 30: Upper Lough Macnean, 1995, an area of c. 75 m x 1m (INJ 25, 1995, 154-5).


BERBERIDACEAE

Berberis buxifolia Lam.
IR: -- , EN: Box-leaved Barberry
ITB
CC
SR 39: Between Ballyclare and The Battery 1983, forming a ragged hedge on roadside (FNE 1992).
DBN
Berberis darwinii Hook.
IR: -- , EN: Darwin's Barberry
ITB
CC
SR 6, 8, 16, 36, 38, 39.
6: Near Glencairn Abbey 2000 (Green 2001b). Kilmacthomas 2001, three bushes self-sown on steep rock face (P. Green).
8: Hill above Foynes 1995, one probably bird-sown (Reynolds 1997e, DBN).
16: * Near Ballinaboy, long established and seeding itself in scrub (Scannell & McClintock 1974, FCB 1983). Near Carna 1984 (Scannell & Jebb 2000).
36: Wild ground at a few sites post-1980 (I. McNeill).
38: * Crawfordsburn Country Park 1971, established on river bank (BEL).
38, 39: Belfast area, seedlings; some records probably refer to B. × stenophylla (FBel 1997). Frequently planted and occasionally more or less naturalized in demesnes and gardens in NE (FNE 1992).
DBN
Berberis darwinii × empetrifolia = B. × stenophylla Lindl.
IR: -- , EN: Hedge Barberry
ITB
CC
SR 21, {38-40}.
21: Howth 1990, cliff top (FDub 1998).
{38-40 Planted extensively in NE, e.g. Dromore, Co. Down 1988, park below railway viaduct (FNE 1992); in Belfast, some records of seedlings of B. darwinii probably refer to this hybrid (FBel 1997).}
DBN
Berberis thunbergii DC.
IR: -- , EN: Thunberg's Barberry
ITB
CC
SR 6: Ardmore 1997, relic of cultivation (P. Green and I. Green).
DBN
Berberis vulgaris L.
IR: Barbróg , EN: Barberry
ITB
CC 1-3, 5, 9-10, 13, 22, 31, 35, 38.
Exterminated in most of these divisions because of rust-fungus legislation.
1-3, 5, 13, 22, 35, 38 (Atlas)
9 (INJ, 20:467)
10 (INJ, 17:216)
31 (fide D.Synnott).
SR Hedges and about cottage gardens, but only in places where it had been planted (Cyb 1866); also an escape or outcast (Cyb 1898).
1: E of Kenmare 1976, single bush on roadside (O'Mahony 1980).
9: NE of Lough Bunny (Killourney) 1963-70, in fair quantity on limestone pavement among scattered pine trees (Webb 1982); still near Killourney 1996 (Scannell & Jebb 2000). N of Lough Bunny, just N of crossroads near Boston 1989, 2001, several bushes on roadside and near road (V. Rowe, SR).
DBN
Berberis wilsoniae Hemsl.
IR: -- , EN: Mrs Wilson's Barberry
ITB
CC
SR 13: W of Kildavin, one plant in hedge, garden escape (Booth 1979).
DBN

Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt.
IR: -- , EN: Oregon-grape
ITB
CC
SR 20, 36, 39.
20: Glendalough 1994, roadside wall (SR).
36: * Favour Royal post-1987, on wild ground (I. McNeill).
39: Belfast, one site (FBel 1997).
DBN