The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC)
comprises a set of 16 targets to halt the current and continuing loss of plant species, as well as the vegetation and habitats they compose by the year 2010.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16
Full text of the GSPC
as a pdf document
Ireland’s National Strategy for Plant Conservation
The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation - Target 12|
30 per cent of plant-based products derived from sources that are
Terms and technical rationale:
Plant-based products include food products, timber, paper and other wood-based
products, other fibre products, and ornamental, medicinal and other plants for
Sources that are sustainably managed are understood to include:
Natural or semi-natural ecosystems that are sustainably managed (by avoiding
overharvesting of products, or damage to other components of the ecosystem),
excepting that commercial extraction of resources from some primary forests
and near-pristine ecosystems of important conservation value might be
Sustainably managed, plantation forests and agricultural lands.
In both cases, sustainable management should be understood to integrate social
and environmental considerations, such as the fair and equitable sharing of benefits
and the participation of indigenous and local communities.
Indicators for progress might include:
Direct measures e.g.: products meeting relevant verified standards (such as for
organic food, certified timber, and intermediate standards that codify good
practices for sustainable agriculture and forestry);
Indirect measures e.g.: products from sources considered to be sustainable, or
nearsustainable, on the basis of farming system analyses, taking into account
the adoption of integrated production methods. Assessment of progress will be
assisted by the development of criteria and indicators of sustainable agricultural
and forest management.
Certified organic foods and timber currently account for about 2% of production
globally. For several product categories, examples exist of 10–20% of products
meeting intermediate standards. Against this baseline, the target is considered to be
attainable. It would be applied to each category of plant-based products,
understanding that for some categories it will be more difficult to reach and more
difficult to monitor progress. Implementation would require a combination of
product-specific and sectorwide approaches, consistent with the Convention’s
programme of work on agricultural biodiversity.