4th Global Botanic Gardens Congress

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Summary of talks and presentations

Theme 1: The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation - 2010 and beyond


Patrick Griffith, Montgomery Botanical Center, USA
Living cycad collections at Montgomery: challenges, opportunities, investment, and outcomes
Nan Li, Shenzhen Fairy Lake Botanical Garden, China
Progress in cycad conservation and researches at the China National Cycad Conservation Centre
Dennis Stevenson, New York Botanical Garden, USA
Applying the past 30 years of cycad research to conservation
Karin van der Walt, South African National Biodiversity Institute
Ex Situ conservation - the critical difference between extinction and survival of Encephalartos species
Andrew Vovides, Instituto de Ecología, Mexico
The Mexican living cycad collection at the Jardin Botánico Francisco Javier Clavijero, Xalapa
Andrew Vovides, Instituto de Ecología, Mexico
Cycad collections in botanic gardens: challenges and opportunities


Rita Accogli, University of Salento, Italy
Recovery and conservation of the agricultural genetic resources of Salento (Apulia - Italy)
Yuri Gorbunov, Main Botanic Gardens of Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian botanical gardens and GSPC
M. Patrick Griffith, Montgomery Botanical Center, USA
The cost of conservation: measuring the mission and its economics
Adil Guner, Nezahat Gökyigit Botanik Bahcesi, Turkey
Nezahat Gökyigit Botanik Bahçesi: developing ex situ conservation programmes for threatened plants of Turkey
Michael Kiehn, University of Vienna, Austrai
Botanic Gardens and the implementation of the GSPC in Austria
Gustavo Martinelli, Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden, Brazil
Brazilian National Centre on Flora Conservation: the efforts of Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden in implementing the GSPC targets at national level: some results
Marie-Stéphanie Samian, Ghent University, Belgium
PeperomiaReference Collection: an ex situ living plant collection for scientific research
Sophie Williams, Bangor University, UK
Botanic gardens and their contribution to the GSPC
Marcin Zych, University of Warsaw Botanic Garden, Poland
It takes a flower and a bee to make a meadow: mutualistic plant-pollinator interactions are crucial for plant biodiversity conservation

The GSPC and Trees

M.A.A.B. Dilhan, The Open University of Sri Lanka
Building sustainable botanic gardens: a simple silvicultural method adopted to haven certain wood trees into productive arboretum in the dry zone of Sri Lanka
Douglas Gibbs, BGCI
Prioritising threatened tree conservation
Marion Mackay, Massey University, New Zealand
Meeting Target 8: Rhododendron subgenus vireya in New Zealand as an example of ex situ conservation
Georgina Magin, Fauna & Flora International, UK
Progress with the Global Trees Campaign
Dhanya Chemboli Sreenvasan, M S Swaminathan Research Foundation, India
Recovery of endangered tree species for large scale restoration in Western Ghats of India
Larry Stritch, United States Forest Service
Saving Endangered trees on the US Forest Service Land
Xiangying Wen, BGCI, China
Safeguarding China's botanical heritage - BGCI's integrated conservation programme in China

GSPC Target 1

Bob Allkin, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK
The significance of completing GSPC Target 1
Sebsebe Demissew, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
The Ethiopian Flora Project: Lessons Learned
Christina Flann, Wageningen University, Netherlands
Compiling the Global Compositae Checklist in the age of biodiversity informatics
Rafaela Campostrini Forzza, Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Preparation of a list of Brazilian plant and fungal species: methods and results
Laurent Gautier, Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques, Geneva
Database of African plants
Chuck Miller, Missouri Botanical Garden, USA
Using heuristic methods to complete GSPC Target 1 by 2010

Oceanic Islands

Maarten Christenhusz, The Natural History Museum, UK
The vegetation of Rapa Nui
Vincent Florens, University of Mauritius
Status of plant conservation in the Western Indian Ocean
Christian W. Torres-Santana, University of Hawai`i, USA
Conservation status of plants in the Caribbean Island biodiversity hotspot
Alan Tye, Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Fiji
The status of plant conservation on Pacific islands
Jay Warren, Pitcairn island
Invasive species on islands- getting rid of the stuff that people like with little or no money
Juli-Caujapé-Castells, Jardín Botánico Canario "Viera y Clavijo", Spain
The status of plant conservation on the Macaronesian archipelagos
Theme 2: Addressing the threat from invasive aliens, pests and diseases

Alien Invasive Plants

Cristina Armstrong, Matthew Jebb & Noeleen Smyth. The National Botanic Gardens of Ireland
The National Botanic Gardens of Ireland involvement with invasive species, through education and implementing control projects
Kristina Bjureke, Natural History Museum, Norway
We have introduced some of them…. Do we take the responsibility to eradicate them?
Kerry Britton, USDA Forest Service
Informing pest prevention efforts through Sentinel Plant Monitoring
Mike Buffin, National Trust, UK
An assessment of the National Trust's approach to protecting its gardens and plant collection from the threat of major pest and disease outbreaks
Colin Clubbe, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK
Role of native species nurseries in mitigating threats from invasive species - case studies from UK Overseas territories
Andrew Gapinski, Longwood Gardens, USA
Preparing Plant Collections for Biological Invasions: A Study of the Effects of Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) through Case Study Analysis
Chad Husby, Montgomery Botanical Center, USA
Weed risk assessment for botanic garden decision making
Matthew Jebb, National Botanic Gardens of Ireland
Sharing information, and policy, on potentially invasive alien plants in botanic gardens
Suzanne Kapelari, University of Innsbruck, Austria
Alien invaders - how teenagers learn about invasive plants while working with scientists
Andrea Kramer, BGCI (US)
Next steps in developing an International Sentinel Plant Network
Deborah McCullough, Michigan State University, USA
Emerald Ash Borer in the North America: will we kiss our Ash goodbye?
Sarah Reichard, University of Washington Botanic Gardens, USA
Preventing the spread of invasive species: botanic gardens have the tools
Frank W. Telewski, Michigan State University, USA
The Introduction of Emerald Ash Borer in North America, a case study of invasive species epidemiology and conservation of the host species.
Mark Widrichner, US Department of Agriculture
Building a Comprehensive Collection of Ash Germplasm
Theme 3: Building sustainable botanic gardens


Samira Omar Asem, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
Altering desertification through gardening in the Arabian Peninsula Region
Jeri Deneen, Deneen Powell Atelier, USA
Water conservation and sustainable education gardens
Kevin Frediani, Paignton Zoo, UK
High density vertical growing as a public exhibit at Paignton Zoo
Jocelyn Hughes, Tim Entwisle, Julia Willison, Tim Pettitt.
Redefining the role of botanic gardens - towards a new social purpose. The social role of botanic gardens in understanding how they can more effectively reach out to wider audiences.
Susanna Lehvävirta, Botanic Garden of the University of Helsinki, Finland
High customer satisfaction with low resource allocation in a small garden
Annette Patzelt, Oman Botanic Garden
The Oman Botanic Garden - Design, construction and living collection development of unique desert habitats
Tim Pettitt, Eden Project, UK
The challenges and benefits of in-vessel composting our food and catering waste to divert material from landfill and provide Eden Project with a valuable fertiliser
Richard V. Piacentini, Phipps Conservatory and Botanical Gardens, USA
Greening a greenhouse to green the world: the value of environmental stewardship
Philippe Richard, Jardin botanique de Bordeaux, France
A big change for botanic gardens in Europe: going from the 19th to the 21st century
Dawn Sanders, Gardens For Learning, UK
Building sustainable botanic gardens: beyond architecture
Lucy A. Sutherland, Australian National Botanic Gardens
Revealing the 'warts' to build a sustainable Australian National Botanic Garden
Christopher K. Willis, South African National Biodiversity Institute
On the rocky road towards sustainability: aspiring towards the Kirstenbosch model
Andrew Wyatt, Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, USA
Lessons in disaster recovery from a botanic garden perspective
Theme 4: Frontiers of science and conservation biology research in botanic gardens


Christopher Ellis, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Scotland
Global Change & Biodiversity Conservation - Lessons from Lichenology
Margaret Ramsey, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew , UK
Ex Situ Conservation of Bryophytes at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Noeleen Smyth, National Botanic Gardens of Ireland
Conserving hidden biodiversity - Cryptogamic plants and fungi
Uliana Spirina, Botanic Garden of Tver State University, Russia
Conservation ex situ of Bryophytes in the Botanic Garden of Tver State University (Middle part of European Russia)


Haider Abbas University of Karachi, Pakistan
Ex situ conservation of endangered flora using tissue culture technology
Mark Chase, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK
Epigenetic variation retains evolutionary signals in allotetraploid species of Dactylorhiza(Orchidaceae)
Colin Kelleher, National Botanic Gardens of Ireland
Use of molecular markers in establishing ex situ collections of plants
Valerie C. Pence, Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden, USA
Phytotissue banking - meeting the challenge of ex situ conservation for species without bankable seeds
Jerzy Puchalski, Polish Academy of Sciences
Molecular studies on ex-situ conservation of rare and endangered Polish plants
Karin van de Walt, South African National Biodiversity Institute
The population biology and ecology of the critically endangered succulent - Adenium Swazicum - the role of Lowveld National Botanical Garden's threatened plants programme


Carly Cowell, South African National Biodiversity Institute
Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden-At the forefront of South Africa's ecological restoration efforts
Kingsley Dixon, Kings Park and Botanic Garden, Australia
The role of botanic gardens in global restoration
Kern Ewing, University of Washington Botanic Gardens, USA
Academic and community-based restoration based in botanic gardens
Qing-Jun Li, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, China
Can tropical botanic gardens play a role in regional biodiversity conservation and ecological restoration?
Deanna Rokich, Kings Park and Botanic Garden, Australia
A 'natural' living collection within a botanic garden helps advance ecological restoration research
Theme 5: Addressing climate change through botanic gardens

Climate Change

Natasha Ali, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK
The role of botanic gardens in assisting the implementation of national REDD programmes
Anna Eglacheva, Petrozavodsk State University, Russia
Diversity and geographic origin of Gymnospermae represented in botanic gardens of Russia in various climatic conditions
Caroline Elliot-Kingston, University College Dublin, Ireland
The role of stomata in controlling the physiological responses of plants to rising CO2 levels
Tim Entwisle, Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, Australia
Sensible seasons
Loretta Gratani, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Phenotypic plasticity for physiological and life history traits of Quercus ilex L.
Elina Haikio, University of Kuopio, Finland
The effects of changing climate on boreal forest species
Maria Hällfors, University of Helsinki, Finland
Testing bioclimatic hypotheses with botanic garden collections
Kayri Havens, Chicago Botanic Garden, USA
Assisted migration of plants: changes in latitudes, changes in attitudes
Belinda Hawkins, BGCI, UK
Communicating climate change: BGCI's on-line education pack
Peter Symes & Jenny Steinicke, Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne, Australia
Conserving plants in a changing climate - an Australian perspective
Theme 6: Working with local communities towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals


Mark Nicholson, Plants for Life at Brackenhurst, Kenya
Towards a self-sustaining botanic garden in Kenya
David Nkwanga, Nature Palace Botanic Garden, Uganda
The role of African botanical gardens in assisting local communities cope with climate change
Jan Rammeloo, National Botanic Garden of Belgium
The GSPC and the opportunities to develop plant related research and conservation activities in and for Africa south of the Sahara
Godfrey Ruyonga, Tooro Botanic Garden, Uganda
Addressing climate change through botanic gardens - the case of Tooro Botanical Gardens- Uganda
Stella Simiyu, BGCI/SCBD, Kenya
Botanic Gardens in Africa beyond 2010 - surviving or sustainable?

Local Communities

Sarah Miller, Ballymun Regeneration Ltd, Ireland
Incorporating environmental concerns into urban regeneration projects: a case study from Dublin
Didier Roguet, Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève, Switzerland
Responsibility and cooperation
Mamiyil Sabu, Calicut University Botanical Garden, India
Potential wild ornamental gingers of India, domestication and improvement of agreotechniques and popularization
Emiliano Sanchez-Martinez, Cadereyta Regional Botanical Garden , Mexico
Central Mexico native plant horticulture at the Caderyta Regional Botanical Garden
Bian Tan
Conservation of Orchids, Medicinals, and Agarwood in Burma, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos

Botanic Gardens and Society

David Bramwell
Sventenius as a pioneer of modern botanic gardens
Christopher Dunn, Harold L. Lyon Arboretum, University of Hawai'i, USA
Considering biological and cultural diversity in the context of botanic garden conservation strategies
Anna Faggi
Implementation of the action plan in botanical gardens from Argentina
Yury Naumtsev, Botanical Garden of Tver State University, Russia
Living in harmony: Botanic gardens and society
Katrina Nitschke, Botanic Gardens of Adelaide, Australia
Beyond engagement: Building sustainable partnerships for sustainability and connection
Peter Olin
The role of international cooperation among botanical gardens as a tool for the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation.
Theme 7: Environmental education in botanic gardens


Gail Bromley, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK
Role models in Botanic Garden Education Networks
Adriana Burgos, Jardin Botanico Carlos Thays, Argentina
Reaching new audiences
Reinout Havinga et al
Plants in the Spotlights: Biodiversity from around the world in the heart of Amsterdam
Lorena Martínez, Jardín Botánico de Fundación Xochitla, Mexico
Tropicalizing the environmental education goals of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation, the case of Mexican Botanic Gardens
Elena Pushay & Yuri Naumtsev
A sustainable garden is an inspiration for a sustainable city
Gerda van Uffelen & Hanneke Schreiber, Hortus Botanicus Leiden and Hortus Botanicus Amsterdam, Netherlands
Two modern interpretations of old gardens

Environmental Education

Alla Andreeva, Moscow State University, Russia
Botanic gardens as the base for higher education in Russia
Sandra Austin, Eden Project, UK
Bantaba - a gathering place at the heart of Eden's Rainforest Biome
Phillipe Bardin, French National Natural History Museum
How to get students to conserve plant diversity? The benefits of a new approach of the relationship between scientists and Society.
Dilan Bayindir, Nezahat Gökyigit Botanic Garden, Turkey
Education in botanic gardens for young children: the case of Nezahat Gökyigit Botanic Garden (NGBB), Istanbul
Maïté Delmas, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, France
A window on the unique and fragile New Caledonian Flora and habitats at MNHN
Natalia Hotait
MED-O-MED Cultural Landscapes of the Mediterranean and the Middle East
Fabio Ippolito, University of Salento, Italy
Flower Fairies™ by Cicely Mary Barker: a significant experience in education for plant biodiversity.
Leigh Morris, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Scotland
Practical certificate courses that will change the way you grow and identify plants
Jennifer Schwarz Ballar, Chicago Botanic Garden, USA
The Science Career Continuum: an education ladder program to engage and educate underserved minority students in environmental sciences at the Chicago Botanic Garden
Paula Villagra-Islas, Universidad San Sebastian, Chile
Re-growth of vegetation, colour and landscapecComplexity: the role of design in the interpretation of natural systems in botanical gardens

Islamic Gardens

Sophie Gilliat-Ray, Mark Bryant, Emma Clark. Islamic Gardens in the UK
dynamics of culture, conservation and communities. A discussion of the findings of an 8-month research project commissioned by BGCI and undertaken by the Islam-UK Centre, Cardiff University.
Theme 8: Botanic garden horticulture

Access and Benefit Sharing

Natasha Ali, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK
Botanic Gardens and the International Regime on Access and Benefit Sharing
Kate Davis, BGCI, UK
Non-commercial research and the ABS Protocol: what next?
Alan Paton, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK
Access and Benefit Sharing at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Bert van den Wollenberg, Delft University of Technology, Netherlands
The Internatioanl Plant Exchange Network (IPEN)
Judy West, Australian National Botanic Gardens
Australian perspective on opportunities arising from Access and Benefit Sharing


Abby Hird, The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, USA
Collections management for ex situ plant conservation: a North American case study
Michael J. O'Neal, BG-BASE, Inc, USA
Mapping Options with BG-BASE Collections Management Software
J.G.M. Persoon, Utrecht University, Netherlands
Atlantis-BG a standard for comprehensive, web-based collection management.
Bhupinder Pal Singh, Guru Nanak Dev University, India
Creation of a digital database of plant diversity at GNDU Botanical Garden, Amritsar
Kerry S. Walter, BG-BASE (UK) Ltd
Pulling it all together: The benefits of data integration


Frank Bisby, University of Reading, UK
The Catalogue of Life - new electronic services in 4D4Life
Marcella Corcoran, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, UK.
Developing horticultural protocols for threatened plants form the UK Oversease Territories
Mark Fountain, Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens, Australia
A Basis for Change - a novel way to evaluate and re-align living collections to meet the changing focus of a botanic garden in the modern world
Alan Matchett, Dunedin Botanic Garden, New Zealand
Meeting the Challenge Breaking Through the Barriers
Edwin van Spronsen, ETI BioInformatics, Netherlands
Species information systems: customizable and dynamically generated identification keys for use in websites and mobile devices.